Fifth Grade MERLIN Curriculum

Dept. of Teaching and Learning Services

5150 220th AVE SE, Issaquah, WA 98029

The Issaquah Content Standards guide teaching and learning in all our classrooms in the areas of Literacy (reading, writing, and communication), Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, Health and Fitness, and the Arts. These statements describe what students should know and be able to do during and as a result of their educational experiences. The Issaquah Content Standards are based on the Washington State K-12 Learning Standards.


Read (MERLIN advanced) Grade Level Text

  • Read and comprehend text accurately

Comprehension: Key Ideas and Details

  • Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text
  • Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments
  • Describe how a particular story’s or drama’s plot unfolds in a series of episodes as well as how the characters respond or change as the plot moves toward a resolution

Comprehension: Craft and Structure

  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone
  • Analyze how a particular sentence, chapter, scene, or stanza fits into the overall structure of a text and contributes to the development of the theme, setting, or plot
  • Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text

Comprehension: Integration

  • Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they “see” and “hear” when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch
  • Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics


Analyze Ideas, Select Narrow Topics, Elaborate and Organize

  • Write narratives using effective technique, descriptive details and clear event sequences
  • Write opinion pieces supporting point of view with reasons
  • Write informative texts to examine a topic and clearly convey information

Organize Writing Using Logical Organizational Structure

  • Lead – write a beginning in which he/she not only shows what is happening and where, but also gives clues to what could later become a problem for the main character
  • Transitions – use transitional phrases to show passage of time in complicated ways, perhaps by showing things happening at the same time or flashback and flash- forward
  • Ending – Write an ending that connects to the main part of the story. The character said, did, or realized something at the end that came from what happened in the story
  • Organization – Use paragraphs to separate different parts of time of the story to show when a new character is speaking. Parts of the story are longer and more developed than others
  • Elaboration – Develop character, setting, and plot throughout the story, especially the heart of the story. Use a blend of description, action, dialogue and thinking
  • Write a variety of texts – narratives, opinion pieces, informative texts, etc.

Write for Different Audiences and Purposes; Uses Sentence Variety

  • Show why characters did what they did by including their thinking and their responses to what happened
  • Slow down the heart of the story. Make less important parts shorter and less detailed blend storytelling and summary as needed
  • Include precise details and uses figurative language so that readers can picture the setting, characters, and events. Uses objects or actions as symbols to bring forth meaning
  • Vary sentences to create the pace and tone of narrative


  • Use grade appropriate grammar, spelling and conventions in writing

Analyze and Evaluate Own Writing

  • Reflect on writing, revise and set goals


Ratios and Proportional Relationships

  • Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems

The Number System

  • Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to divide fractions by fractions
  • Compute fluently with multi- digit numbers and find common factors and multiples
  • Apply and extend previous understandings of numbers to the system of rational numbers

Expressions and Equations

  • Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions
  • Reason about and solve one- variable equations and inequalities
  • Represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables


  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume

Statistics and Probability

  • Develop understanding of statistical variability
  • Summarize and describe distributions

Mathematical Practices

  • Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them
  • Reason abstractly and quantitatively
  • Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others
  • Model with mathematics
  • Use appropriate tools strategically
  • Attend to precision
  • Look for and make use of structure
  • Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning


  • Structure and properties of matter
  • Matter and energy in organisms and ecosystems
  • Earth’s systems
  • Space systems: Stars and the solar system
  • Engineering design

Social Studies

  • US First People
  • Encounter and Colonization
  • US Revolution
  • US Government


  • Understand and apply art knowledge and skills
  • Demonstrate thinking skills using artistic processes
  • Communicate through the arts
  • Make connections within and across the arts, to other disciplines, cultures, life and work


  • Read, note, and perform rhythm
  • Hear, discriminate, perform, read, and note pitch
  • Listen to, analyze, demonstrate, and describe qualities of sound
  • Identify simple music forms
  • Experience and perform independent parts while others sing or play
  • Understand and creatively interpret expressive markings and cues
  • Sing alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music
  • Understand music in relation to history and culture

Physical Education

  • Understand skills and concepts of sports/fitness
  • Participate actively, cooperates with others and stays on task
  • Understand how to follow directions
  • Is able to contribute positively


  • Study the Family Life and Sexual Health unit
  • Understand the basic components of fitness
  • Read nutritional labels
  • Study human body systems


  • Learn basic operations and concepts
  • Use productivity tools that include word processing, database, spreadsheet, graphics, multimedia
  • Use communication tools
  • Use technology for research
  • Use network skills
  • Use technology ethics