Fourth Grade MERLIN Curriculum

Dept. of Teaching and Learning Services

5150 220th AVE SE, Issaquah, WA 98029

The Issaquah Content Standards guide teaching and learning in all our classrooms in the areas of Literacy (reading, writing, and communication), Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, Health and Fitness, and the Arts. These statements describe what students should know and be able to do during and as a result of their educational experiences. The Issaquah Content Standards are based on the Washington State K-12 Learning Standards.


Read (MERLIN advanced) Grade Level Text

  • Read and comprehend text accurately

Comprehension: Key Ideas and Details

  • Quote accurately from a text to make inferences and demonstrate understanding
  • Determine main idea(s) and themes
  • Summarize text
  • Describe causes and effects between characters and events

Comprehension: Craft and Structure

  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases including content-related words and figurative language
  • Use text structure and text features in informational texts
    • Cause and effect
    • Chronological
    • Problem/solution
  • Compare and contrast including content-related words and figurative language
  • Use text structure and text features in informational texts
    • Cause and effect
    • Chronological
    • Problem/solution
  • Compare and contrast
  • Explain text structure and text features in literature
    • Poems (verse, rhythm)
  • Drama (dialogue, settings)
  • Describe and analyze points of view

Comprehension: Integration

Analyze information from illustrations, print, and digital texts to deepen understanding
· Explain how authors use reasoning and evidence to support their points
· Compare and contrast themes and topics
· Use information from multiple texts in research


Analyze Ideas, Select Narrow Topics, Elaborate and Organize

  • Write narratives using effective technique, descriptive details and clear event sequences
  • Write opinion pieces supporting point of view with reasons and information
  • Write informative texts to examine a topic and clearly convey information

Organize Writing Using Logical Organizational Structure

  • Lead – write a beginning in which he/she not only shows what was happening and where, but also gives clues to what would later become a problem for the main character
  • Transitions – use transitional phrases to show passage of time in complicated ways, perhaps by showing things happening at the same time or flashback and flash- forward
  • Ending – Write an ending that connected to the main part of the story. The character said, did, or realized something at the end that came from what happened in the story
  • Organization – Use paragraphs to separate different parts of time of the story to show when a new character was speaking. Parts of the story are longer and more developed than others
  • Elaboration – Develop character, setting, and plot throughout the story, especially the heart of the story. Use a blend of description, action, dialogue and thinking
  • Write a variety of texts – narratives, opinion pieces, informative texts, etc.
  • Write for different audiences and purposes; use sentence variety
  • Show why characters did what they did by including their thinking and their responses to what happened
  • Slow down the heart of the story. Make less important parts shorter and less detailed and blend storytelling and summary as needed
  • Include precise details and uses figurative language so that readers can picture the setting, characters, and events. Uses objects or actions as symbols to bring forth meaning
  • Vary sentences to create the pace and tone of narrative


  • Use grade appropriate grammar, spelling and conventions in writing
  • Analyze and evaluate own writing
  • Reflects on writing, revises and sets goals


Operations and Algebraic Thinking

  • Write and interpret numerical expressions
  • Analyze patterns and relationships

Number and Operations in Base Ten

  • Understand the place value system
  • Perform operations with multi- digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths

Number and Operations—Fractions

  • Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions
  • Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions

Measurement and Data

  • Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition


  • Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems
  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties

Mathematical Practices

  • Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them
  • Reason abstractly and quantitatively
  • Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others
  • Model with mathematics
  • Use appropriate tools strategically
  • Attend to precision
  • Look for and make use of structure
  • Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning


  • Energy
  • Waves: Waves and information
  • Structure, function, and information processing
  • Earth’s system: Processes that shape the Earth
  • Engineering design 

Social Studies

  • Washington’s Earliest Times
  • Exploration of Washington
  • Washington Today


  • Understand and apply art knowledge and skills
  • Demonstrate thinking skills using artistic processes
  • Communicate through the arts
  • Make connections within and across the arts, to other disciplines, cultures, life and work


  • Read, note, and perform rhythm
  • Hear, discriminate, perform, read, and note pitch
  • Listen to, analyze, demonstrate, and describe qualities of sound
  • Identify simple music forms
  • Experience and perform independent parts while others sing or play
  • Understand and creatively interpret expressive markings and cues
  • Sing alone and with others, a varied repertoire of music
  • Understand music in relation to history and culture

Physical Education

  • Understand and apply skills and concepts of sports and fitness
  • Participate actively, cooperates with others and stay on task
  • Understand how to follow directions
  • Learn to contribute positively


  • Understand the control and prevention of disease
  • Learn about reducing risks
  • Understand social skills
  • Study the human body
  • Learn to identify safe and unsafe behavior


  • Learn basic operations and concepts
  • Use productivity tools that include word processing, database, spreadsheet, graphics, multimedia
  • Use communication tools
  • Use technology for research
  • Use network skills
  • Use technology ethics