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Seventh Grade Curriculum

Dept. of Teaching and Learning Services

565 NW Holly Street Issaquah, WA 98027
(425) 837-7030

The Issaquah Content Standards guide teaching and learning in all our classrooms in the areas of Literacy (reading, writing, and communication), Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, Health and Fitness, and the Arts. These statements describe what students should know and be able to do during and as a result of their educational experiences. The Issaquah Content Standards are based on the Washington State K-12 Learning Standards.


Reading

The following standards offer a focus for instruction each year and help ensure that students gain adequate exposure to a range of texts and tasks. Rigor is also infused through the requirement that students read increasingly complex texts through the grades. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each year’s grade-specific standards and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.

Reads Grade Level Text

  • Reads and comprehends literature and nonfiction text proficiently

Comprehension: Key Ideas and Details

  • Cites several pieces of textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text
  • Determines themes/central ideas of a text; analyzes the development of themes/central ideas over the course of the text; provides an objective summary of the text 
  • Analyzes the interactions of story elements or between individuals, events, and ideas in a text

Comprehension: Craft and Structure

  • Determines the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyzes the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone; analyzes the impact of sound repetition in a poem, story or drama
  • Analyzes the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas; analyzes how a drama's or poem's form or structure contributes to its meaning
  • Determines an author's point of view or purpose in a text and analyzes how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others; analyzes how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • Compares and contrasts a written text to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium or each medium's portrayal of the subject 
  • Traces and evaluates the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient to support the claims 
  • Compares and contrasts a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history; analyzes how two or more authors writing about the same topic shape their presentations of key information by emphasizing different evidence or advancing different interpretations of facts

Writing

The following standards offer a focus for instruction each year to help ensure that students gain adequate mastery of a range of skills and applications. Each year in their writing, students should demonstrate increasing sophistication in all aspects of language use, from vocabulary and syntax to the development and organization of ideas, and they should address increasingly demanding content and sources. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each year’s grade-specific standards and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.

Range of Writing

Writes routinely over extended time frames and shorter time frames for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences

Text Types and Purposes

Writes arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence 

  • Introduces claim(s), acknowledges alternate or opposing claims, and organizes the reasons and evidence logically
  • Supports claim(s) with clear reasons and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text 
  • Uses words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), reasons, and evidence 
  • Establishes and maintains a formal style 
  • Provides a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented

Writes informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

  • Introduces a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organizes ideas, concepts, and information, using strategies such as definition, classification, comparison/contrast, and cause/ effect; includes formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension 
  • Develops the topic with relevant facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples 
  • Uses appropriate transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts
  • Uses precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. 
  • Establishes and maintains a formal style
  • Provides a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented

Writes narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences

  • Engages and orients the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organizes an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically 
  • Uses narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, and description, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters 
  • Uses a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence and signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another 
  • Uses precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events
  • Provides a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events

Production and Distribution of Writing

  • Produces clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience
  • With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develops and strengthens writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed
  • Uses technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and link to and cite sources as well as to interact and collaborate with others;

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

  • Conducts short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions for further research and investigation
  • Gathers relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assesses the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quotes or paraphrases the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation
  • Draws evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research

Mathematics

In Grade 7, instructional time focuses on four areas: (1) developing understanding of and applying proportional relationships; (2) developing understanding of operations with rational numbers and working with expressions and linear equations; (3) solving problems involving scale drawings and informal geometric constructions, and working with two- and three-dimensional shapes to solve problems involving area, surface area, and volume; and (4) drawing inferences about populations based on samples.

Ratios and Proportional Relationships 

  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems. 

The Number System 

  • Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions to add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers. 

Expressions and Equations

  • Use properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions.
  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations. 

Geometry 

  • Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them. 
  • Solve real-life and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume. 

Statistics and Probability 

  • Use random sampling to draw inferences about a population. 
  • Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations. 
  • Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models.

Mathematical Practices

  • Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them
  • Reason abstractly and quantitatively
  • Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others
  • Model with mathematics
  • Use appropriate tools strategically
  • Attend to precision
  • Look for and make use of structure
  • Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

Earth and Space Sciences

Students in middle school continue to develop their understanding of the three disciplinary core ideas in the Earth and Space Sciences. The middle school performance expectations in Earth Space Science build on the elementary school ideas and skills and allow middle school students to explain more in-depth phenomena central not only to the earth and space sciences, but to life and physical sciences as well. These performance expectations blend the core ideas with scientific and engineering practices and crosscutting concepts to support students in developing usable knowledge to explain ideas across the science disciplines. 

Earth’s Place in the Universe

  • Develop and use a model of the Earth-sun-moon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and seasons. 
  • Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system. 
  • Analyze and interpret data to determine scale properties of objects in the solar system. 
  • Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth’s 4.6-billion-year-old history. 

Earth’s Systems

  • Develop a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives this process.
  • Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.
  • Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.
  • Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth’s systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity. 
  • Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.
  • Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.

Earth and Human Activity

  • Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes. 
  • Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.
  • Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
  • Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
  • Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.

Engineering Design Storylines

In middle school students will build on engineering experiences by defining problems more precisely, conducting a thorough process of choosing the best solution, and optimizing the final design.

Engineering Design

  • Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.
  • Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
  • Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.
  • Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

Social Studies

In seventh grade, students become more proficient with the core concepts in social studies. There are two contexts in which students can demonstrate this proficiency in the seventh grade. 

  • The first two trimesters of the year is focuses on a continuation of world history from sixth grade as students look at the geography, civics, history/religions and economics of major societies up through 1450. 
  • The second part of the year asks students to bring their understanding to their world today as they examine Washington State from 1854 to the present. The study of Washington State includes an examination of the state constitution and key treaties. 

While these two contexts may be very different, the purpose of studying these different regions and eras is the same: to develop enduring understandings of the core concepts and ideas in civics, economics, geography, and history. The following pages provide unit outlines to help you organize a seventh grade social studies course

Geography: 

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District

  • Understands the role of immigration in shaping societies in the past or present.
  • Understands how human spatial patterns have emerged from natural processes and human activities in the past or present.. 
  • Understands examples of cultural diffusion in the world from the past or in the present. Understands and analyzes how the environment has affected people and how people have affected the environment in the past or present.
  • Understands the role of immigration in shaping societies in the past or present. 
  • Understands and analyzes how the environment has affected people and how people have affected the environment in Washington State in the past or present. Understands that learning about the geography of the world helps us understand issues related to global issues of sustainability.

History

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District

  • Understands how themes and developments have defined eras in Washington State and world history by:
    • Explaining and comparing the development of major societies from 600 to 1450 in   two or more regions of the world. Analyzes different cultural measurements of time. 
    • Explaining how the following themes and developments help to define eras in Washington State history from 1854 to the present and territory and treaty-making (1854—1889).
  • Analyzes a major historical event and how it is represented on timelines from different cultural perspectives. Understands and analyzes how technology and ideas from ancient civilizations have influenced world history.
  • Explains and compares the development of Islam and Hinduism.
  • Examines how the Crusades are represented differently on Christian and Muslim timelines. Examines how the Islamic Conquest of the Iberian Peninsula is represented differently on Christian and Muslim timelines.
  • Explains the impact of Muhammad and the spread of Islam on world civilization.
  • Examines how the Islamic Conquest of the Iberian Peninsula is represented differently on Christian and Muslim timelines.
  • Examines how the Crusades are represented differently on Christian and Muslim timelines.
  • Examines how the Islamic Conquest of the Iberian Peninsula is represented differently on Christian and Muslim timelines.
  • Explains the spread of Christianity and Islam across Europe and Africa.
  • Understands and analyzes how individuals and movements have shaped Washington State or world history Analyzes multiple causal factors that shape major events in ancient history.
  • Understands and analyzes how cultures and cultural groups contributed to Washington State or world history.
  • Understands and analyzes how technology and ideas have influenced Washington State or world history.
  • Analyzes multiple causal factors that shape major events in Washington State or world history.

Civics

  • Understands various forms of government and their effects on the lives of people in the past or present. Understands a variety of forms of government from the past or present
  • Understands how key ideals set forth in fundamental documents, including the Washington State Constitution and tribal treaties, define the goals of our state. 
  • Analyzes the relationship between the actions of people in Washington State and the ideals outlined in the State Constitution.
  • Understands and analyzes the structure, organization, and powers of government at the local, state, and tribal levels including the concept of tribal sovereignty.
  • Understands the effectiveness of different forms of civic involvement.
  • Analyzes how international agreements have affected Washington State in the past or present.

Economics

  • Analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods, services, and resources in societies from the past or in the present. Understands how the forces of supply and demand have affected international trade in the past or present.
  • Understands and analyzes the distribution of wealth and sustainability of resources in Washington State. Understands the distribution of wealth and sustainability of resources in the world in the past or present.
  • Understands and analyzes the role of government in the economy of Washington State through taxation, spending, and policy setting in the past or present. 
  • Understands and analyzes how the forces of supply and demand have affected international trade in Washington State in the past or present.

Social Studies Skills

  • Analyzes multiple factors, makes generalizations, and interprets primary sources to formulate a thesis in a paper or presentation.
  • Understands and demonstrates the ethical responsibility one has in using and citing sources and the rules related to plagiarism and copyrighting.
  • Understands evidence supporting a position on an issue or event.
  • Analyzes and responds to multiple viewpoints on public issues brought forth in the context of a discussion. Understands positions on an issue or event
  • Creates and uses research questions to guide inquiry on an issue or historical event.
  • Evaluates the breadth of evidence supporting positions on an issue or event.

Physical Education

The student is expected to meet and demonstrate all previous grade level skills.

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District will explore, develop, and refine basic movement and manipulative skills through a variety of activities at developmentally appropriate levels.

Movement Skills

  • Applies more complex skills to a variety of movement activities; team sports, individual sports, and recreational  activities

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District will increase understanding and appreciation of their fitness level while engaging in a variety of physical activities.

Physical Fitness

  • Measures physical fitness, sets fitness and activity goals, and explores a variety of activities to maintain healthy levels of cardio- respiratory fitness, muscular strength, endurance, flexibility, and body composition

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District will demonstrate responsible behaviors and positive sportsmanship skills in individual and group activities.

Communication

  • Follows rules and safety procedures with civility, practice sportsmanship, cooperation, and teamwork in a variety of games and fitness activities

Health

The student is expected to meet and demonstrate all previous grade level skills.

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District acquires the knowledge and skills necessary to maintain an active life: movement, physical fitness, and nutrition.

Understand Nutrition and Food Nutrients and How they Affect Physical Performance and the Body

Eating Disorders

  • Compares the possible causes, risks, and treatments of eating disorders
  • Describes the 7 Dietary Food Guidelines

Fitness: Caloric Intake

  • Interprets how the balance between calories taken in and expended maintain body weight (review pyramid food guide)

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District acquires the knowledge and skills necessary to maintain a healthy life: recognize patterns of growth and development, reduce health risks, and live safely. Recognize Patterns of Growth and Development

F.L.A.S.H./K.N.O.W.

  • Understands what A.I.D.S. is and effects on the body and how it is prevented
    defines the term S.T.D. and tells how they are contracted
  • Understands how drugs can influence a person’s decision making skills
  • Understands the objectives of S.H.A.R.E., they promote the development of healthy responsible sexual attitudes with a message of abstinence
  • Defines the advantages of abstinence
  • Names the risks and results of being sexually active (Review reproductive system) Acquire Skills to Live Safely

Illicit Drugs:

  • Understands factors which contribute to the misused of substances
  • Analyzes the addicting potential and harmful effects of illicit drug abuse issues Emergency Care
  • Demonstrates the skills for accident prevention and emergency care
    Outlines specific procedures to follow in common emergencies (CPR, Rescue Breathing and Choking)
  • Identifies community resources for treating emergencies

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District uses analyzes and evaluates the impact of real-life influences on health. Understand How Environmental Factors Affect One’s Health

Consumer Health

  • Names some of the benefits of being a wise consumer
  • Recognizes how a food label can help you eat more nutritiously

Gather and Analyze Health Information Wellness:

  • Explains the purpose of, care, and treatment of the body
  • Understands the importance of having a balanced  health triangle

Use Social Skills to Protect Health and Safely in a Variety of Situations

  • Recognizes how a positive self-concept can enhance one’s health

Understand How Emotions Influence Decision-making

  • Anticipates situations which involve pressure to abuse drugs and plans how to reduce substance abuse risk
  • Cites positive indicators for promoting one’s own health
  • Describes ways to say no with your words and your actions

The Seventh Grade student in the Issaquah School District uses analyzes health and safety information to develop health and fitness plans based on life goals.

Assess Needs and Resources

  • Be aware of community resources available for health needs
  • Names the 10 essentials for out door hiking