Fifth Grade Essential Learnings

Essential Learnings for Trimester 3

Links to Common Core State Standards for Reading and Writing, Washington State Learning Standards for Social Studies, Washington State Science Learning Standards, Washington State Social and Emotional Learning Standards, and Common Core State Standards for Math.


Informational Text

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. RI.5.1

Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text. RI.5.2

Compare and contrast the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts. RI.5.5

Literary Text

Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. RL.5.1 

Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text. RL.5.3 

Foundational Skills

Use grade level phonics and word solving skills: syllables, affixes, spelling patterns. RF.5.3

Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. RF.5.4


Opinion Writing

Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information. W.5.1 A-D.

Narrative Writing (memoir)

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences. W.5.3 A-E 

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. W.5.4

Language Skills

Use standard English grammar and conventions. L.5.1

Use Standard English capitalization, punctuation and spelling conventions. L.5.2

Social Studies

US First People, Encounter and Colonization

Analyze multiple perspectives and interpretations of historical events in U.S. history. History 4.3.1

Analyzes how people from various cultural groups have shaped the history of the United States. History 4.2.2

US Revolution

Analyzes the costs and benefits of decisions colonists made to meet their needs and wants. Economics2.1.1

Understands the key ideals of liberty and patriotism. Civics1.1.1

Uses critical reasoning skills to analyze and evaluate positions. Social Studies 5.1

US Government

Understands key ideals and principles of the United States, including those in the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and other fundamental documents. Civics 1.1 1.1

Understands civic involvement. Civics 1.4


Patterns of Earth and Sky - Continued from Tri 2

Support an argument that differences in the apparent brightness of the sun compared to other stars is due to their relative distances from Earth. 5-ESS1-1 

Represent data in graphical displays to reveal patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.

Support an argument that the gravitational force exerted by Earth on objects is directed down. 5-PS2-1 

The Earth System

Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. 5-ESS2-1

Describe and graph the amounts and percentages of water and fresh water in various reservoirs to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth. 5-ESS2-2

Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment. 5-ESS3-1

Develop a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 5-PS1-1

Conduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances. 5-PS1-4

Social and Emotional Learning


Demonstrates awareness and understanding of one’s own emotions and emotions' influence on behavior. (1A)


Demonstrates the skills to manage one’s emotions, thoughts, impulses, and stress in constructive ways. (2A)

Demonstrates responsible decision-making and problem solving skill. (2B)


Demonstrates problem-solving skills to engage responsibly in a variety of situations. (3B)

Social Awareness

Demonstrates awareness of other people’s emotions, perspectives, cultures, languages, histories, identities, and abilities. (4A)

Demonstrates an awareness and respect for similarities and differences among community, cultural, and social groups. (4B)

Social Management

Demonstrates a range of communication and social skills to interact effectively with others. (5A) 

Demonstrates the ability to identify and take steps to resolve interpersonal conflicts in constructive ways. (5B)

Demonstrates the ability to engage in respectful and healthy relationships with individuals of diverse perspectives, cultures, language, history, identity, and ability. (5C)

Social Engagement

Demonstrates a sense of school and community responsibility. (6A)

Contributes productively to one’s school, workplace, and community. (6C)



Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths. 5.NBT.B

Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions. 5.NF.B

Geometric measurement: understand concepts of volume and relate volume to multiplication and to addition. 5.MD.C

Fluency expectation: Multi-digit multiplication. 5.NBT.B.5


MP2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively

Students recognize that a number represents a specific quantity. They connect quantities to written symbols and create a logical representation of the problem at hand, considering both the appropriate units involved and the meaning of quantities. They extend this understanding from whole numbers to their work with fractions and decimals. Students write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers and represent or round numbers using place value concepts.

MP7 Look for and make use of structure

Students look closely to discover a pattern or structure. They can examine numerical patterns and relate them to a rule or a graphical representation.


PE activities will focus on the following goal areas:

  • Students recognize the value of physical activity for physical, emotional, and mental health.
  • Students demonstrate skill competency and can apply concepts and strategies to movement and performance.
  • Students demonstrate the knowledge and skills required to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of personal fitness.
  • Students demonstrate responsible personal and social behavior.

For more information on the PE Learning Standards click here.


The elementary music team is committed to helping students continue creating, performing, responding, and connecting to music as aligned to state and national standards. The elementary music specialists will encourage growth through the elements of rhythm, melody/pitch, movement, expression, and culture across all grade levels. We will continue to nurture our students’ social and emotional learning through the arts. Below are Essential Learnings for Trimester 2.


Apply known rhythms to composition


Body percussion, Non-pitched percussion, Singing, Ensemble playing, Staff


Explore music from diverse genres and cultures, Form, Timbre


Recognize how feelings are expressed through music, Explore music in relation to the other arts and content areas, Relate music to family, culture, and community

Visual Art

Art Lessons this year will be provided through video links for teachers to use either synchronously or asynchronously. We are focusing on lessons that use basic supplies we hope students have at home, as well as instructions students can follow along with independently.

Art Lessons will be:

  • Integrated into the Essential Learnings for a variety of subject areas such as SEL or Writing
  • Focusing on the Basic Elements of Art such as line, form or color; as well as the Basic Principals of Art such as repetition, balance or movement.
  • Showing students how art can help them express emotions, deal with stress, and build their creative expression.

For Parent & Student Visual Art Resources, Click Here to visit our Website.