First Grade Essential Learnings

First Grade Essential Learnings for Trimester 3

Links to Common Core State Standards for Reading and Writing, Washington State Learning Standards for Social Studies, Washington State Science Learning Standards, Washington State Social and Emotional Learning Standards, and Common Core State Standards for Math.


Informational Text

Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RI.1.1

Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. RI.1.2

Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text. RI.1.3

Literary Text

Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson. RL.1.2

Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories. RL.1.9

Foundational Skills

Phonological awareness: demonstrate awareness of spoken words, syllables and sounds (phonemes). RF.1.2 A-D

Phonics and word recognition: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word solving skills in decoding RF.1.3 A-D

Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. RF.1.4


Opinion Writing

Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure. W.1.1

Participate in shared research and writing projects. W.1.7

Narrative Writing

Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or name the book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply a reason for the opinion, and provide some sense of closure. W.1.1

Write narratives in which they recount two or more appropriately sequenced events and provide some sense of closure. W.1.3

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provide sources to answer a question. W.1.8  

Focus on a topic, respond to questions and suggestions from peers, and add details to strengthen writing as needed. W.1.5

Language Skills

Use standard English grammar and usage. L.1.1 A-E

Use standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling. L.1.2

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 1 reading and content. L.1.4

Social Studies

Our World and Our Wants and Needs

Understands human interaction with the environment. Geography 3.2

Understands that people have to make choices between wants and needs and evaluate the outcomes of those choices. Economics 2.1


Animal and Plant Defenses - Continued from Tri 2

Read texts and use media to determine patterns in behavior of parents and offspring that help offspring survive. 1-LS1-2

Make observations to construct an evidence-based account that young plants and animals are like, but not exactly like, their parents. 1-LS3-1 

Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed to solve a given problem. K-2-ETS1-2

Spinning Earth

Use observations of the sun, Moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted. 1-ESS1-1

Make observations at different times of year to relate the amount of daylight to the time of year. 1-ESS1-2

Social and Emotional Learning


Demonstrates awareness and understanding of one’s own emotions and emotions' influence on behavior. (1A)


Demonstrates the skills to manage one’s emotions, thoughts, impulses, and stress in constructive ways. (2A)

Demonstrates responsible decision-making and problem solving skill. (2B)


Demonstrates problem-solving skills to engage responsibly in a variety of situations. (3B)

Social Awareness

Demonstrates awareness of other people’s emotions, perspectives, cultures, languages, histories, identities, and abilities. (4A)

Demonstrates an awareness and respect for similarities and differences among community, cultural, and social groups. (4B)

Social Management

Demonstrates a range of communication and social skills to interact effectively with others. (5A) 

Demonstrates the ability to identify and take steps to resolve interpersonal conflicts in constructive ways. (5B)

Demonstrates the ability to engage in respectful and healthy relationships with individuals of diverse perspectives, cultures, language, history, identity, and ability. (5C)

Social Engagement

Demonstrates a sense of school and community responsibility. (6A)

Contributes productively to one’s school, workplace, and community. (6C)



Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction. 1.OA.A

Extending the counting sequence. 1.NBT.A

Understand place value. 1.NBT.B

Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. 1.NBT.C

Fluency expectation: Add/subtract within 10. 1.OA.C.6


MP4 Model with mathematics

Students model real-life mathematical situations with a number sentence or an equation, and check to make sure their equation accurately matches the problem context. They also use tools, such as tables, to create models for analysis.

MP5 Use appropriate tools strategically

Students select tools (e.g., ten-frames, number lines, virtual manipulatives) to help them solve and/or illustrate problems.


PE activities will focus on the following goal areas:

  • Students recognize the value of physical activity for physical, emotional, and mental health.
  • Students demonstrate skill competency and can apply concepts and strategies to movement and performance.
  • Students demonstrate the knowledge and skills required to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of personal fitness.
  • Students demonstrate responsible personal and social behavior.

For more information on the PE Learning Standards click here.


The elementary music team is committed to helping students continue creating, performing, responding, and connecting to music as aligned to state and national standards. The elementary music specialists will encourage growth through the elements of rhythm, melody/pitch, movement, expression, and culture across all grade levels. We will continue to nurture our students’ social and emotional learning through the arts. Below are Essential Learnings for Trimester 2.


Create short rhythmic patterns


Quarter note/Eighth note/Quarter rest, Body percussion, Non-pitched percussion, Singing


Explore music from diverse genres and cultures, Move to phrases A/B


Recognize how feelings are expressed through music, Explore music in relation to the other arts and content areas, Relate music to family, culture, and community

Visual Arts

Art Lessons this year will be provided through video links for teachers to use either synchronously or asynchronously. We are focusing on lessons that use basic supplies we hope students have at home, as well as instructions students can follow along with independently.

Art Lessons will be:

  • Integrated into the Essential Learnings for a variety of subject areas such as SEL or Writing
  • Focusing on the Basic Elements of Art such as line, form or color; as well as the Basic Principals of Art such as repetition, balance or movement.
  • Showing students how art can help them express emotions, deal with stress, and build their creative expression.

For Parent & Student Visual Art Resources, Click Here to visit our Website.