Kindergarten Essential Learnings

Second Trimester Essential Learning

Essential Learnings for Trimester 3

Links to Common Core State Standards for Reading and Writing, Washington State Learning Standards for Social Studies, Washington State Science Learning Standards, Washington State Social and Emotional Learning Standards, and Common Core State Standards for Math.


Narrative Text

With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details. RL.K.1

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.K.2

With prompting and support, identify characters, settings and major events in a story. RL.K.3

Informational Text

With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RI.K.1

With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. RI.K.2

With prompting and support describe the connection between pieces of information in a text. RI.K.3

Foundational Skills

Understand words, syllables and sounds - rhyming, blending, segmenting, & phoneme manipulation. RF.K.2 A-E

Apply phonics, 1:1 letter- sound correspondence, & sight word recognition. RF.K.3 A-D

Fluency: Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding. RF.K.4


Informational Writing

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose informative texts in which they name what they are writing about and supply some information about the topic. W.K.2

Opinion Writing

Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic and state an opinion or preference. W.K.1

With guidance and support from adults, recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. W.K.8

Language Skills

Grammar and usage. L.K.1

Conventions: capitalization, punctuation, phonetic spelling. L.K.2

Social Studies


Understands civic involvement Civics 4


State own viewpoints and listen to the viewpoints of others  Social Studies 5.3.1


Needs of Plants and Animals - Continue from Tri 2

Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive. K-LS1-1

Construct an argument supported by evidence for how plants and animals (including humans) can change the environment to meet their needs. K-ESS2-2

Use a model to represent the relationship between the needs of different plants or animals (including humans) and the places they live. K-ESS3-1

Communicate solutions that will reduce the impact of humans on the land, water, air, and/or other living things in the local environment. K-ESS3-3

Sunlight and Weather

Make observations to determine the effect of sunlight on Earth’s surface. K-PS3-1

Use tools and materials to design and build a structure (e.g., umbrella, canopy, tent) that will reduce the warming effect of sunlight on an area. K-PS3-2

Use and share observations of local weather conditions to describe patterns over time. K-ESS2-1

Ask questions to obtain information about the purpose of weather forecasting to prepare for, and respond to, severe weather. K-ESS3-2

Social Emotional Learning


Demonstrates awareness and understanding of one’s own emotions and emotions' influence on behavior. (1A)


Demonstrates the skills to manage one’s emotions, thoughts, impulses, and stress in constructive ways. (2A)

Demonstrates responsible decision-making and problem solving skill. (2B)


Demonstrates problem-solving skills to engage responsibly in a variety of situations. (3B)

Social Awareness

Demonstrates awareness of other people’s emotions, perspectives, cultures, languages, histories, identities, and abilities. (4A)

Demonstrates an awareness and respect for similarities and differences among community, cultural, and social groups. (4B)

Social Management

Demonstrates a range of communication and social skills to interact effectively with others. (5A) 

Demonstrates the ability to identify and take steps to resolve interpersonal conflicts in constructive ways. (5B)

Demonstrates the ability to engage in respectful and healthy relationships with individuals of diverse perspectives, cultures, language, history, identity, and ability. (5C)

Social Engagement

Demonstrates a sense of school and community responsibility. (6A)

Contributes productively to one’s school, workplace, and community. (6C)



Count to tell the number of objects. K.CC.B

Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from. K.OA.A

Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value. K.NBT.A

Fluency expectation: Add/subtract within 5. K.OA.A.5


MP2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively

Students begin to use numerals to represent specific amount (quantity), showing developing understanding that the numeral “11” represents 11 counted objects. In addition, students can begin to draw pictures, manipulate objects, use diagrams or charts, etc. to express quantitative ideas.

MT4 Model with Mathematics

Students can apply the mathematics they know to solve problems arising in everyday life. For example, students may write an addition equation to describe a situation, interpret the mathematical result in the context of the situation, and reflect on whether the result makes sense.


PE activities will focus on the following goal areas:

  • Students recognize the value of physical activity for physical, emotional, and mental health.
  • Students demonstrate skill competency and can apply concepts and strategies to movement and performance.
  • Students demonstrate the knowledge and skills required to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of personal fitness.
  • Students demonstrate responsible personal and social behavior.

For more information on the PE Learning Standards click here.


The elementary music team is committed to helping students continue creating, performing, responding, and connecting to music as aligned to state and national standards. The elementary music specialists will encourage growth through the elements of rhythm, melody/pitch, movement, expression, and culture across all grade levels. We will continue to nurture our students’ social and emotional learning through the arts. Below are Essential Learnings for the first Trimester


Generate musical ideas


Body percussion, Non-pitched percussion, Singing, Steady Beat, Echo Sing


Explore music from diverse genres and cultures, Same/Different, Fast/Slow, high/Low, Long/Short, Loud/Quiet


Recognize how feelings are expressed through music, Explore music in relation to the other arts and content areas, Relate music to family, culture, and community

Visual Art

Art Lessons this year will be provided through video links for teachers to use either synchronously or asynchronously. We are focusing on lessons that use basic supplies we hope students have at home, as well as instructions students can follow along with independently.

Art Lessons will be:

  • Integrated into the Essential Learnings for a variety of subject areas such as SEL or Writing
  • Focusing on the Basic Elements of Art such as line, form or color; as well as the Basic Principals of Art such as repetition, balance or movement.
  • Showing students how art can help them express emotions, deal with stress, and build their creative expression.

For Parent & Student Visual Art Resources, Click Here to visit our Website.