Second Grade Essential Learnings

Essential Learnings for Trimester 3

Links to Common Core State Standards for Reading and Writing, Washington State Learning Standards for Social Studies, Washington State Science Learning Standards, Washington State Social and Emotional Learning Standards, and Common Core State Standards for Math.


Informational Text

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RI.2.1

Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe. RI.2.6

Literary Text

Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.2.1

Describe how words and phrases supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song. RL.2.4

Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud. RL.2.6

Foundational Skills

Apply grade level phonics and word analysis skills. RF.2.3 

Read accurately and fluently to support comprehension. RF.2.4


Opinion Writing

Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply supporting reasons, use transitions, and provide a concluding statement or section. W.2.1 

Narrative Writing/Poetry

Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure. W.2.3

With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of digital tools to produce and publish writing, including in collaboration with peers. W 2.6

Language Skills

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. L.2.1

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. L.2.2

Social Studies

Community History and Community Economics

Understands and analyzes causal factors that have shaped major events in history. History 4.2

Understands the components of an economic system. Economics 2.2.2

Understands that people in communities affect the environment as they meet their needs and wants. Geography 3.2.1 


Plant and Animal Relationships - Continued from Tri 2

Plan and conduct an investigation to determine if plants need sunlight and water to grow.

Develop a simple model that mimics the function of an animal in dispersing seeds or pollinating plants. 2-LS2-2 

Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats.

Changing Landforms

Use information from several sources to provide evidence that Earth events can occur quickly or slowly. 2-ESS1-1

Compare multiple solutions designed to slow or prevent wind or water from changing the shape of the land. 2-ESS2-1

Develop a model to represent the shapes and kinds of land and bodies of water in an area. 2-ESS2-2

Obtain information to identify where water is found on Earth and that it can be solid or liquid. 2-ESS2-3

Social and Emotional Learning


Demonstrates awareness and understanding of one’s own emotions and emotions' influence on behavior. (1A)


Demonstrates the skills to manage one’s emotions, thoughts, impulses, and stress in constructive ways. (2A)

Demonstrates responsible decision-making and problem solving skill. (2B)


Demonstrates problem-solving skills to engage responsibly in a variety of situations. (3B)

Social Awareness

Demonstrates awareness of other people’s emotions, perspectives, cultures, languages, histories, identities, and abilities. (4A)

Demonstrates an awareness and respect for similarities and differences among community, cultural, and social groups. (4B)

Social Management

Demonstrates a range of communication and social skills to interact effectively with others. (5A) 

Demonstrates the ability to identify and take steps to resolve interpersonal conflicts in constructive ways. (5B)

Demonstrates the ability to engage in respectful and healthy relationships with individuals of diverse perspectives, cultures, language, history, identity, and ability. (5C)

Social Engagement

Demonstrates a sense of school and community responsibility. (6A)

Contributes productively to one’s school, workplace, and community. (6C)



Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract. 2.NBT.B

Fluency expectation: Add/subtract within 100 (paper/pencil) 2.NBT.B.5

Fluency expectation: Know from memory all sums of two 1-digit numbers. 2.OA.B.2

Measure and estimate lengths in standard units. 2.MD.A

Relate addition and subtraction to length. 2.MD.B

Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc., and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, four fourths. 2.G.A.3

Tell and write time from analog and digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m, p.m. 2.MD.C.7  


MP3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others

Students accurately use definitions and previously established solutions to construct viable arguments about mathematics and, during discussion, students can constructively critique the strategies and reasoning of their classmates.

MP7 Look for and make use of structure

Students look closely to discern a pattern or structure. For example, they might notice that three and seven more is the same amount as seven and three more, or they may sort a collection of shapes according to how many sides the shapes have.


PE activities will focus on the following goal areas:

  • Students recognize the value of physical activity for physical, emotional, and mental health.
  • Students demonstrate skill competency and can apply concepts and strategies to movement and performance.
  • Students demonstrate the knowledge and skills required to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of personal fitness.
  • Students demonstrate responsible personal and social behavior.

For more information on the PE Learning Standards click here.



The elementary music team is committed to helping students continue creating, performing, responding, and connecting to music as aligned to state and national standards. The elementary music specialists will encourage growth through the elements of rhythm, melody/pitch, movement, expression, and culture across all grade levels. We will continue to nurture our students’ social and emotional learning through the arts. Below are Essential Learnings for Trimester 2.


Create a short ostinato


Ostinato, Body percussion, Non-pitched percussion, Singing, Half note


Explore music from diverse genres and cultures, Dynamics, Tempo, ABA


Recognize how feelings are expressed through music, Explore music in relation to the other arts and content areas, Relate music to family, culture, and community

Visual Arts

Art Lessons this year will be provided through video links for teachers to use either synchronously or asynchronously. We are focusing on lessons that use basic supplies we hope students have at home, as well as instructions students can follow along with independently.

Art Lessons will be:

  • Integrated into the Essential Learnings for a variety of subject areas such as SEL or Writing
  • Focusing on the Basic Elements of Art such as line, form or color; as well as the Basic Principals of Art such as repetition, balance or movement.
  • Showing students how art can help them express emotions, deal with stress, and build their creative expression.

For Parent & Student Visual Art Resources, Click Here to visit our Website.